Amru Ibn al-As, laid the foundations of his great ‎mosque in 21 Hegira, in compliance with the Muslim ‎policy of establishing mosques in the conquered ‎countries. Eighty of the Prophet’s companions, ‎including Az-Zubayr Ibn Al-‘Awwam, Al-Miqdad, ‎Ibadah Ibn s-Samit and Abi-al-Darda’ and others, ‎engaged in the construction of this mosque and in ‎defining its qiblah. Al Maqrizi describes it in his Khutat ‎as follows: “It is 50 cubits long, 30 cubits wide. Roads ‎are paved all around it, and it has two doors facing ‎Amru’s house, another two doors to the North, and ‎one to the West. The ceiling is extremely low, and the ‎Mosque has no courtyard. In the summer, people ‎would sit around it, and only seven cubits separated it ‎from Amru’s house.‎‎